||Dog blood typing is used to determine the dog’s specific blood type before a transfusion. An animal is transfused with type specific blood to prevent a transfusion reaction. Transfusion reactions can cause serious illness or death. Dogs have at least 7 blood types. Blood types DEA (dog erythrocyte antigen) 1.1 and 1.2 are the most immunogenic and when transfused into a dog without those blood types will alloimmunize the transfused dog. Some dogs have a naturally occurring antibody to blood type 7. The “universal donor” should be negative for blood types 1.1, 1.2, and 7 and negative for antibody to blood type 7.
This procedure is performed on a specially designed blood typing card manufactured exclusively in our laboratory. Presence or absence of agglutination in the test wells of the card determine blood type DEA 1.1 positive or negative.